BBS | Behaviour Based Safety

BBS | Behaviour Based Safety

Workshops Dates: 28-02-2020, 20-03-2020
Instructor: Naoum Karaminas
Location: 26 Akti Poseidonos – Piraeus
Duration: 09.00 – 16.00
Workshop Cost: €280/per participant




We can take it for granted that dangerous conditions are an integral part of the maritime world. The same, unfortunately, can be said for human errors (bad decisions) which lead to unwelcome events (accidents, incidents, near hits, etc). Research and, most importantly, experience shows that for every 1 event leading to a fatality, there could be 30,000 unsafe acts or conditions (not incidents, nor accidents). By focusing on reducing these 30,000 “dangerous” behaviours (unsafe acts and conditions), you can reduce or even eliminate accidents that have more serious consequences. BBS is a way of improving safety performance through reducing the, so called, behaviour gap in the “war” against accidents. It does that by, literally, changing the way people behave. This course will provide seafarers with the necessary training to conduct proper BBS observations, as part of the established method of using +ve reinforcement to change unsafe individual behaviours and reinforce safe behaviours.

Finally, it’s important to remember that BBS influences behaviour, not attitude! It requires crew members on each ship to take responsibility for their own and each other’s safety and to ensure that unsafe acts and conditions are not tolerated.

Who should attend the workshop: Shipboard Officers, Operational Ship Managers & Superintendents, HSQE & Vetting Managers, Instructors, and everyone who serves the Greek Maritime Cluster and is interested in developing key soft skills for both personal and professional development.

Methodology: This program aims at improving the trainees’ awareness and understanding of the attitude – habitual behaviour difference and its importance where Safety is concerned. It does that by exposing them to a Reality (Environment) – Attitude (Interpretation) – Urgency (Threat, Stress) – Behaviour (Performance) psychological model. It also includes detailed instructions (enhanced by examples) on how to properly use the BBS Observation methodology in the workplace, followed by a brief test on the basic course concepts and techniques.

After completing this training, you will be on your way to becoming a more involved and SAFER person and seafarer due to your better understanding of habitual human behaviour, as well as having acquired the necessary knowledge on:

  • the difference between attitude and behaviour
  • the three types of behaviour
  • how to conduct proper safety observations in the workplace
  • how to give appropriate feedback and reinforce safe behaviours
  • when to stop a dangerous situation from developing
  • the six biggest risks when implementing bbs

Instructor: Naoum Karaminas

Psychometrics & Assessment Executive
B.A. Psy, M.Sc. Industrial-Organizational Psychology

He is the Scientific Advisor of potentia specialized in Organizational Psychology, in the Design of Psychometric Tools and Integrated Educational Programs related to the Selection, Evaluation, Training, Treatment and Human Capital Management and Guidance. He has been responsible, as project leader, for the Greek translation, adaptation and standardization of several major psychological tests (16PF, 16PF-5, MMPI-2, etc.) and has extensive experience in training mental health professionals in basic psychometrics, as well as, officially qualifying them in the use and interpretation of such tests.

Having started out with a background in Mathematics, Physics, Computers and an unfinished degree in Aeronautical Engineering, Naoum was drawn to the human factor, getting a B.A. in Psychology and returning to the hard sciences through a M.Sc. degree in Industrial – Organizational Psychology. Since then, he has been working on the applied end of Psychology for over 30 years while most of his work deals with individuals in the Military, Air force and Civil Aviation Pilots, Aircrew members, Police and Security Personnel and, lately, Merchant Navy Personnel. Among other things, he has been a member of the NATO Human Factors & Air Crews Group, a qualified Crew Resource Management (CRM) facilitator (both for the Civilian sector and the Air force) and a member of the A. F. Flight & Ground Safety Center dealing, at the time, with HFACS (human factor centered accident analysis) and HPMA (human performance in military aviation). He has written chapters in Aviation Medicine and Aviation Psychology books and has several publications in international journals, both under his name or as a statistical analysis advisor. Lastly, he has a passion for computerizing all suitable aspects of his work and has designed and developed software pertaining to an in-depth psychometric model of human personality and behaviour.


For additional information, please contact us directly at:
Tel. 210 9530680 Ext. 201 & 205
Email: | Web:
Technical courses are offered as required by TMSA 3 elements 2,4,7,10,14


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